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What does an
Electrical Engineer do?

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Other common names for this position: Analogue Amplifier Design Engineer, Antenna Engineer, Avionics Engineer, Broadcasting Professional Engineer, Chief Electrical Engineer, Circuit Design Engineer, Control Systems Engineer, Digital Circuit Design Engineer, Displays and Controls Design Engineer, Distribution Planning Engineer, Electrical Research Engineer, Electrical Design Engineer, Electrical Distribution Engineer, Electrical Energy Transmission Engineer, Electrical Energy Transmission Planning Engineer, Electrical Equipment Engineer, Electrical Network Engineer, Electrical Power Scheduling Engineer, Electrical Power Systems Design Engineer, Electrical Research Engineer, Electrical Systems Planning Engineer, Instrumentation and Control Engineer, Instrumentation Engineer, Line Construction Engineer, Low Voltage Equipment Engineer, Meter Engineer, Metrology Engineer, Microelectronics Engineer, Overhead Electrical Distribution Engineer, Process Instrumentation Engineer, Protective Relay Engineer, Radar Engineer, Radio and Television Broadcasting Design Engineer, Radio and Television Broadcasting Systems Design Engineer, Radio Research Engineer, Roadway Lighting Design Engineer, Rural Electrification Engineer, Satellite Antenna Engineer, Satellite Instrumentation Engineer, Signal Engineer, Technical Services Electrical Engineer, Underground Electrical Distribution Engineer


Electrical Engineers specialize in power supply and generation. They design, plan, research, evaluate, and test electrical equipment and systems (e.g. electric motors, radars, navigation and communications systems, and power generation equipment). They are employed by electrical utilities, communications companies, manufacturers of electrical equipment, consulting firms, and by a wide range of manufacturing, processing, and transportation industries, as well as by government organizations.[1]

Electrical Engineers may specialize in a number of areas such as electrical design for residential, commercial, or industrial installations; electrical power generation and transmission; and instrumentation and control systems.

Primary Responsibilities

Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Electrical Engineers are required to complete.

  • Preparing Engineering specifications and drawings for commercial, residential, institutional, and industrial buildings, as well as municipal infrastructure projects, such as pumping stations or roadway lighting:
  • Preparing lighting designs and calculations, as well as power distribution, structured cabling, fire alarm system, and security system designs.
  • Designing, developing, and producing technical solutions in the form of electrical equipment and infrastructure:
  • Making improvements to existing electrical products, solutions, and services, as well as developing new ones;
  • conducting research into the feasibility, design, operation, and performance of electrical generation and distribution networks, as well as electrical machinery and components;
  • designing electrical circuits, components, systems, and equipment;
  • doing the necessary calculations for electrical systems and equipment sizing;
  • conducting electrical system calculations, such as short circuit analysis, voltage drop calculations, and photometric calculations;
  • preparing material costs and timing estimates, reports, and design specifications for electrical systems and equipment;
  • coordinating with equipment vendors and suppliers for the selection and specification of electrical equipment;
  • installing, commissioning, servicing, maintaining, troubleshooting, and implementing the electrical system and equipment;
  • delivering electrical technical support and solving problems, if any, as well as providing on-site and in-house troubleshooting and problem-solving; and
  • working alongside the entire design team to ensure the design meets the clients’ expectations and requirements.
  • Supervising and inspecting the installation, modification, testing, and operation of electrical systems and equipment:
  • Developing maintenance and operating standards for electrical systems and equipment;
  • investigating electrical failures, if any, and providing immediate solutions;
  • preparing contracts and evaluating tenders for construction or maintenance;
  • liaising with contractors and performing on-site inspections; and
  • supervising Technicians, Technologists, Programmers, Analysts, and other Engineers.
  • Conducting micro or nano device simulations, characterization, process modelling, and integration in the development of new electronic devices and products.
  • Making sure all the technical solutions designed, developed, and produced comply with national and international safety and quality standards, as well as with all the applicable codes and regulations.

Daily Tasks

  • Designing new ways to use electrical power to develop new products or improve existing ones.
  • Carrying out advanced calculations to develop manufacturing, construction, and installation standards and specifications.
  • Directing the manufacturing, installation, and testing of electrical equipment to ensure that all products meet the required specifications and applicable codes.
  • Estimating costs and time schedules.
  • Working alongside Project Managers on production efforts to ensure that projects are completed satisfactorily, on schedule, and within budget.

The average Electrical Engineer salary is $78,033 per year or $40 per hour. This is around 2.4 times more than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $55,000 while most experienced workers make up to $109,000. These results are based on 205 salaries extracted from job descriptions.

Gross Salary103,488.78 $
CPP- 2,479.95 $
EI- 930.60 $
Federal Tax- 17,819.60 $
Provincial Tax- 9,618.36 $
Total Tax- 30,848.51 $
Net Pay*72,640.27 $
In Ontario, Canada, if you make 103,488.78 $ a year, you will be taxed 30,848.51 $. That means that your take home pay will be 72,640.27 $ per year, or 6,053.36 $ per month. Your average tax rate is 29.81% and your marginal tax rate is 43.41%.
* Deductions are calculated based on the tables of Ontario, Canada income tax.
Job Offers
There are currently 3854 available job offers for the Electrical Engineer position on Below is a list of available jobs, based on Canada's most populated metropolitan areas.
Education is key ! Over [number] graduates attended one or more of these schools prior to becoming a Electrical Engineer. These Schools usually offer specialized courses and programs that impart the necessary knowledge and skills required by most employers.
Top 5 Schools in Canada
to become Electrical Engineer
  • 1
    Montreal, Quebec
  • 2
    Montreal, Quebec
Required Skills and Qualifications
  • Outstanding levels of concentration to be able to design and develop complex electrical systems.
  • Excellent interpersonal, communication, and leadership skills:
  • Communicating clearly, both verbally and in writing, in order to create a clear and communicative environment with clients, explain their designs, and relay instructions to coworkers; and
  • being able to work cohesively as part of a multidisciplinary team, ensuring their plans are implemented correctly.
  • Mathematical skills:
  • Using the principles of calculus and other advanced math topics in order to analyze, design, and troubleshoot equipment and systems; and
  • applying basic Engineering concepts and processes to all projects.
  • Analytical, problem-solving, and critical-thinking skills:
  • Identifying issues and resolving problems in a timely manner using critical thinking and good judgment; and
  • being precise and accurate in their calculations and analyses.
  • Organizational and time management skills and great attention to detail:
  • Avoiding disorganization in the workplace that can lead to legal problems, damage to equipment, and potential accidents;
  • being able to work independently and as part of a team in a fast-paced environment;
  • being versatile, flexible, and willing to work within constantly changing priorities; and
  • being able to prioritize tasks and responsibilities accordingly.

Most Electrical Engineer positions require an undergraduate degree (BEng) in Electrical Engineering or other related Engineering disciplines, such as Electronics Engineering or Electrical Engineering Technology. Candidates with relevant postgraduate degrees, such as masters or Ph.D.’s, tend to have the advantage over other candidates when applying for a job in the area. Employers usually ask for 5 to 10 years of related Engineering experience.

All candidates applying for a job as an Electrical Engineer must be proficient in MS Project, MS Office, and computer-aided (CAD) software, especially AutoCAD, as well as being a registered professional in their corresponding province. Only licensed Engineers can practice this career in Canada. The provincial and territorial Engineering regulatory bodies are the constituent associations of Engineers Canada and are the ones in charge of regulating the profession and licensing professional Engineers in Canada.

Career progression for Electrical Engineers is determined by their performance, experience levels, specialist expertise, and professional qualifications. While they progress within a company, they might leave hands-on technical work behind to be able to focus their efforts on project management, planning, strategy, and budget control. Most Electrical Engineers with over 10 years of experience choose to become self-employed, moving into freelance consulting. They manage to go after a specific niche market by specializing in one or two advanced technology fields, such as aerospace and aviation electronics, defense systems, communication systems, and mobile applications.

Electrical Engineers’ working schedules are usually determined by the scope of the project they are working on and the project timelines. Therefore, this might imply working extra hours during the evenings, weekends, and national holidays. Electrical Engineers need a valid driver’s licence and a good driving record, as well as a reliable mean of transportation, in order to get themselves and their tools to job sites within their designated area.