Electrical Engineers specialize in power supply and generation. They design, plan, research, evaluate, and test electrical equipment and systems (e.g. electric motors, radars, navigation and communications systems, and power generation equipment). They are employed by electrical utilities, communications companies, manufacturers of electrical equipment, consulting firms, and by a wide range of manufacturing, processing, and transportation industries, as well as by government organizations.
Electrical Engineers may specialize in a number of areas such as electrical design for residential, commercial, or industrial installations; electrical power generation and transmission; and instrumentation and control systems.
Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Electrical Engineers are required to complete.
- Preparing Engineering specifications and drawings for commercial, residential, institutional, and industrial buildings, as well as municipal infrastructure projects, such as pumping stations or roadway lighting:
- Preparing lighting designs and calculations, as well as power distribution, structured cabling, fire alarm system, and security system designs.
- Designing, developing, and producing technical solutions in the form of electrical equipment and infrastructure:
- Making improvements to existing electrical products, solutions, and services, as well as developing new ones;
- conducting research into the feasibility, design, operation, and performance of electrical generation and distribution networks, as well as electrical machinery and components;
- designing electrical circuits, components, systems, and equipment;
- doing the necessary calculations for electrical systems and equipment sizing;
- conducting electrical system calculations, such as short circuit analysis, voltage drop calculations, and photometric calculations;
- preparing material costs and timing estimates, reports, and design specifications for electrical systems and equipment;
- coordinating with equipment vendors and suppliers for the selection and specification of electrical equipment;
- installing, commissioning, servicing, maintaining, troubleshooting, and implementing the electrical system and equipment;
- delivering electrical technical support and solving problems, if any, as well as providing on-site and in-house troubleshooting and problem-solving; and
- working alongside the entire design team to ensure the design meets the clients’ expectations and requirements.
- Supervising and inspecting the installation, modification, testing, and operation of electrical systems and equipment:
- Developing maintenance and operating standards for electrical systems and equipment;
- investigating electrical failures, if any, and providing immediate solutions;
- preparing contracts and evaluating tenders for construction or maintenance;
- liaising with contractors and performing on-site inspections; and
- supervising Technicians, Technologists, Programmers, Analysts, and other Engineers.
- Conducting micro or nano device simulations, characterization, process modelling, and integration in the development of new electronic devices and products.
- Making sure all the technical solutions designed, developed, and produced comply with national and international safety and quality standards, as well as with all the applicable codes and regulations.
- Designing new ways to use electrical power to develop new products or improve existing ones.
- Carrying out advanced calculations to develop manufacturing, construction, and installation standards and specifications.
- Directing the manufacturing, installation, and testing of electrical equipment to ensure that all products meet the required specifications and applicable codes.
- Estimating costs and time schedules.
- Working alongside Project Managers on production efforts to ensure that projects are completed satisfactorily, on schedule, and within budget.
The average Electrical Engineer salary is $78,033 per year or $40 per hour. This is around 2.4 times more than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $55,000 while most experienced workers make up to $109,000. These results are based on 205 salaries extracted from job descriptions.