An Electrician lays out, assembles, installs, tests, troubleshoots and repairs electrical wiring, fixtures, control devices, and related equipment. Electricians must resolve problems involving several concrete variables from standardized situations. They are sometimes asked to respond to emergency calls, carrying out breakdown repairs as needed.
They are usually self-employed, but can sometimes be employed by Electrical Contractors, Construction Managers, or by maintenance departments of buildings and other establishments. They work closely with maintenance, production, engineering and outside services.
Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Electricians are required to complete.
- Reading and interpreting electrical drawings/blueprints/schematics, circuit diagrams, and electrical code specifications to determine wiring layouts for new or existing installations.
- Locating and installing a wide range of electrical equipment for safe, efficient and environmentally sound operation:
- Installing, altering, replacing, repairing, and/or maintaining lighting fixtures and electrical control and distribution equipment, such as switches, relays, sensors, circuit breaker panels and other control components and devices;
- installing, examining, replacing, and/or repairing generators, alternators, and industrial storage batteries;
- splicing, joining and connecting wires to fixtures and components to form circuits, which sometimes require pulling wires through conduits and holes in walls and floors;
- locating/installing and terminating conduits and cables;
- fabricating control panels and performing wiring check-out; and
- connecting electrical power to audio and visual communication equipment, signalling devices, and heating and cooling systems.
- Troubleshooting and isolating faults in electrical and electronic systems and removing and replacing faulty components:
- Using established troubleshooting sequences, checking a series of possibilities, which include establishing whether equipment is plugged in or not, or looking at diagnostic schematics on the computer to pinpoint location and nature of the problem.
- Correcting wiring and connections on machinery controls where incorrect applications could cause damage and hazardous conditions.
- Conducting preventive maintenance programs and keeping maintenance records:
- Testing electrical and electronic equipment and components for continuity, current, voltage and resistance, using test equipment (e.g. voltmeters and ammeters) to ensure compatibility and safety of systems;
- providing input and solutions related to any design or installation issues; and
- ensuring all electrical maintenance operations comply with applicable regulations and trade practices.
- Assisting the Construction Manager in the coordination of on-site activities.
- Preparing estimates:
- Analyzing, collecting, calculating, and comparing data.
- Installing, maintaining, troubleshooting, and repairing a wide range of electrical equipment.
- Preventing hazardous situations from happening by conducting maintenance tests and reporting and resolving any design or installation issues.
The average Electrician salary is $59,252 per year or $30 per hour. This is around 1.8 times more than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $41,000 while most experienced workers make up to $83,000. These results are based on 1,612 salaries extracted from job descriptions.