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What does an
Industrial Engineer do?

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Other common names for this position: Manufacturing Engineer, Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer, Quality Control Engineer, Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Engineer, Consulting Industrial Engineer, Cost Engineer, Efficiency Engineer, Fire Prevention Engineer, Industrial Efficiency Engineer, Industrial Safety Engineer, Methods Engineer, Plant Engineer, Production Engineer, Safety Engineer, Work Measurement Engineer


Industrial Engineers are in charge of conducting studies and developing and supervising programs to achieve the best use of equipment, human resources, technology, materials, and procedures to enhance efficiency and productivity. They are employed in consulting firms, manufacturing and processing companies, and work across all types of industries, from Banking and transportation to Healthcare and government.[1]

Industrial Engineering is a business-focused field which affects all kinds of different areas and entities, influencing their processes, systems, and operations by devising more efficient ways to use workers, machines, materials, information, and energy to make a product or provide a service.[2]

Industrial Engineers are so versatile they are able to engage in activities that are useful to a variety of businesses, government entities, and non-profit organizations. For instance, they may engage in supply chain management in order to help businesses minimize inventory costs; conduct quality assurance activities to help organizations keep their customer bases satisfied; or work in the growing field of project management as industries across the world seek to control costs and maximize production.

Primary Responsibilities

Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Industrial Engineers are required to complete.

  • Implementing strategic and technical solutions to make a product, service, or process faster, safer, easier, and less expensive:
  • Conducting research and implementing programs to determine optimum inventory levels for production and to allow optimum utilization of machinery, materials, and resources;
  • evaluating the reliability and performance of plant facilities and production or administrative systems;
  • establishing programs and researching ways to enhance industrial health and safety, or to identify and correct fire and other safety hazards;
  • evaluating or assessing industrial facilities, as well as studying new machinery in order to recommend or select efficient combinations;
  • designing, developing, and conducting time studies and work simplification programs;
  • planning, designing, evaluating, and optimizing concepts, and writing specifications;
  • developing flexible or integrated manufacturing systems and procedures;
  • analyzing production costs;
  • determining human resource and skill requirements in order to develop training programs to enhance production, as well as creating performance standards, evaluation systems, and wage and incentive programs; and
  • acquiring quotations, sourcing vendors, and managing the implementation of new projects.
  • Enhancing profitability, customer service, and the quality of products and services for their clients, while reducing costs:
  • Using mathematical methods and models to design manufacturing and information systems to meet the client’s requirements most efficiently.
  • Supervising Technicians, Technologists, Analysts, administrative staff, and other Engineers:
  • Training Assemblers, Quality Control Assistants, and Technicians, as necessary, on processes, equipment, and documentation.

Daily Tasks

  • Evaluating how to manufacture products or deliver services in the most efficient way possible.
  • Studying and reviewing production schedules, Engineering specifications, process flows, and other information to understand methods and activities in manufacturing and other services.
  • Creating management control systems to make financial planning and cost analysis more efficient.
  • Executing quality control procedures in order to resolve production problems or minimize costs.
  • Working alongside the client and the management team to develop standards for design and production.
  • Designing control systems to coordinate activities and production planning to ensure that products or services meet all quality standards.
  • Liaising with clients for product specifications; with vendors for purchases; with the management team for manufacturing capabilities; and with the staff for projects’ status updates.

The average Industrial Engineer salary is $76,438 per year or $39 per hour. This is around 2.3 times more than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $54,000 while most experienced workers make up to $107,000. These results are based on 34 salaries extracted from job descriptions.

Gross Salary158,788.50 $
CPP- 2,479.95 $
EI- 930.60 $
Federal Tax- 32,803.19 $
Provincial Tax- 19,382.90 $
Total Tax- 55,596.63 $
Net Pay*103,191.87 $
In Ontario, Canada, if you make 158,788.50 $ a year, you will be taxed 55,596.63 $. That means that your take home pay will be 103,191.87 $ per year, or 8,599.32 $ per month. Your average tax rate is 35.01% and your marginal tax rate is 47.97%.
* Deductions are calculated based on the tables of Ontario, Canada income tax.
Job Offers
There are currently 3577 available job offers for the Industrial Engineer position on Below is a list of available jobs, based on Canada's most populated metropolitan areas.
Education is key ! Over [number] graduates attended one or more of these schools prior to becoming a Industrial Engineer. These Schools usually offer specialized courses and programs that impart the necessary knowledge and skills required by most employers.
Top 5 Schools in Canada
to become Industrial Engineer
  • 1
    Montreal, Quebec
  • 2
    Montreal, Quebec
Required Skills and Qualifications
  • Outstanding creativity to create new production processes in order to reduce use of materials, resources, time, or labour while still accomplishing the same goal.
  • Analytical, problem-solving, and critical-thinking skills:
  • Being able to understand and identify the issues or problems of an organization using critical thinking and logic in order to provide the right solutions, identifying the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to the problems; and
  • being precise and accurate in their calculations and analyses.
  • Excellent interpersonal and communication skills:
  • Communicating clearly, both verbally and in writing, in order to convey clear instructions to their coworkers;
  • having excellent listening skills so as to fully grasp ideas and problems when meeting clients for the first time;
  • being able to read and write technical reports; and
  • being able to work alongside other professionals and serve as a bridge between the technical and business sides of an organization.
  • Mathematical skills:
  • Using the principles of calculus and other advanced math topics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting; and
  • applying basic Engineering concepts and other procedures to the design of new processes.
  • Organizational and time management skills and great attention to detail:
  • Being able to work independently and as part of a team in a fast-paced environment;
  • being able to handle more than one project at a time; and
  • being able to prioritize tasks and responsibilities accordingly.
  • Result-oriented and driven to achieve continuous improvements.

In order to work as an Industrial Engineer, a bachelor’s degree in Industrial Engineering is required. However, it’s not uncommon for practicing Industrial Engineers to have degrees in related fields such as Mechanical Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering, Industrial Engineering Technology, or General Engineering. Candidates with relevant postgraduate degrees, such as masters or Ph.D.’s, tend to have the advantage over other candidates when applying for a job in the area. Employers usually ask for 3 to 5 years of related Engineering experience.

Industrial Engineers must also develop extensive knowledge in other topics, such as money, people, math principles, psychology, physical sciences, social sciences, equipment, and resources in order to provide business and management solutions in a quantifiable way.

All candidates applying for a job as an Industrial Engineer must be proficient in MS Office and computer-aided design (CAD) software, especially AutoCAD, as well as being a registered professional in their corresponding province. Only licensed Engineers can practice this career in Canada. The provincial and territorial Engineering regulatory bodies are the constituent associations of Engineers Canada and are the ones in charge of regulating the profession and licensing professional Engineers in Canada.

Depending on the tasks they’re performing, Industrial Engineers can work in offices or in the setting they are hired to improve. When observing problems, for example, they may watch workers assemble parts in a factory, or staff members performing their functions in a hospital. On the other hand, if they’re solving problems, Industrial Engineers may work in an office, where they examine data that they, or others, have gathered. Industrial Engineers might be required to travel for work in order to observe processes and make assessments in different work settings.