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What does a
Lawyer do?

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Other common names for this position: Attorney, Attorney-at-Law, Counsel, Administrative Lawyer, Advisory Counsel, Assistant Legal Advisor, Associate Counsel, Associate Lawyer, Associate Legal Advisor, Associate Legal Counsel, Barrister, City Attorney, Civil Lawyer, Claim Attorney, Commercial Lawyer, Corporate Counsel, Corporation Lawyer, Criminal Lawyer, Defence Counsel, General Counsel, Immigration Lawyer, Industrial Lawyer, In-House Legal Counsel, Insurance Lawyer, Intellectual Property (IP) Lawyer, Labour Lawyer, Law and Corporate Affairs Adviser, Law Partner, Legal Advisor, Litigator, Patent Lawyer, Prosecuting Attorney, Prosecutor, Real Estate Lawyer, Solicitor, Staff Lawyer, Tax Attorney, Trademark Lawyer

Description

A Lawyer, also known as an Attorney, is a professional in charge of providing counselling, advice, and representation to their clients on legal matters. A common misconception is that all Lawyers deal mostly with criminal law, but the truth is that there are many specializations they may choose from, including tax law, immigration, litigation, and commercial law.


These professionals may have different titles and duties, depending on where they work. For example, Lawyers who represent a government entity will be referred to as Prosecutors. Most Lawyers work in law firms, which can specialize in a specific area of law practice or may have several different types of Lawyers as part of their staff. They may also be self-employed and run their own office, offering their services to individual clients.


A Lawyer is expected to act as a counsellor and advisor to their clients in all legal matters, whether it’s in or out of court. When a client’s problem escapes the area of expertise of an Attorney, they will often refer them to a trusted colleague that may assist them.

Primary Responsibilities

Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Lawyers are required to complete.


  • Representing clients in provincial or federal courts of law:
  • Presenting evidence to support their client’s claim;
  • arguing motions and debating with the other party during trials;
  • meeting with Judges and other Lawyers for private sessions;
  • interpreting laws, past rulings, and regulations in order to make a case that benefits their client; and
  • presenting and summarizing cases and arguments to Judges.
  • Filing appeals to the provincial or federal Courts of Appeals.
  • Studying the probable outcomes of cases prior to taking them on:
  • Analyzing the legal precedents of each case;
  • studying similar cases; and
  • examining legal data to determine the liability and advisability of defending or prosecuting lawsuits.
  • Preparing cases, testimonies, evidence, and witnesses prior to entering the court room:
  • Advising clients on manners of testimony; and
  • gathering evidence in order to formulate and prepare a defence or prosecution.
  • Negotiating terms in civil disputes, such as divorces and wills.
  • Writing legal documents and contracts on behalf of their client.
  • Conferring with colleagues with other specializations in matters that may go beyond their area of expertise.
  • Performing regular administrative and management tasks related to running a firm or a business.

Daily Tasks

  • Advising and counselling their clients on legal matters.
  • Evaluating prospective cases.
  • Preparing documentation, evidence, testimonies, and witnesses for court.
  • Representing clients in a court of law.
  • Representing clients in civil disputes.
  • Writing legal documents and contracts on behalf of their client.
  • Performing regular administrative and management tasks related to running a firm or a business.
Salary
$108,132

The average Lawyer salary is $108,132 per year or $55 per hour. This is around 3.3 times more than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $76,000 while most experienced workers make up to $151,000. These results are based on 110 salaries extracted from job descriptions.

$108,132
$151,000
$76,000
Deductions
Deductions
Gross Salary119,362.89 $
CPP- 2,479.95 $
EI- 930.60 $
Federal Tax- 21,946.87 $
Provincial Tax- 12,382.04 $
Total Tax- 37,739.46 $
Net Pay*81,623.43 $
In Ontario, Canada, if you make 119,362.89 $ a year, you will be taxed 37,739.46 $. That means that your take home pay will be 81,623.43 $ per year, or 6,801.95 $ per month. Your average tax rate is 31.62% and your marginal tax rate is 43.41%.
* Deductions are calculated based on the tables of Ontario, Canada income tax.
Required Skills and Qualifications
  • Excellent communication skills:
  • Being able to speak on their client’s behalf, clearly presenting and explaining evidence to a Judge and a jury;
  • being able to cohesively and correctly write legal documents using technical terms;
  • having enough tact to deal with sensitive situations; and
  • being capable of earning their client’s trust in legal matters.
  • Outstanding problem-solving, analytical, and organizational skills:
  • Being able to accurately assess legal situations;
  • having strong multitasking skills; being able to work under pressure in a dynamic, fast-paced environment;
  • providing accurate and assertive advice to their clients on legal issues in order to find a suitable resolution; and
  • possessing good memory to recall complex terms and ideas.
  • Good computer skills:
  • Using computer programs to analyze evidence; and
  • writing legal documents using word processors and other computerized applications.
  • Outstanding levels of integrity, morality, honesty, and responsibility:
  • Handling sensitive or confidential information; and
  • adhering to strict ethical codes and regulations.

In order to become a certified and licensed Lawyer in Canada, applicants need to go through a long and complex process. First, they need to get their Canadian undergraduate pre-law major, since most Canadian law schools require the candidate to have a bachelor’s degree prior to entering law school. Then, the applicant must pass the Law School Admission Test (LSAT), which is a standardized entrance test to be taken so as to be accepted into any Law School Admission Council (LSAC)-member Canadian law school. After being accepted and going to law school, in order to become a Canadian Lawyer in all provinces, the candidate must complete the Bar Admission Course and pass the bar examination in their corresponding province. [1]


Once they have successfully graduated from Law School, most Lawyers seek out jobs with firms. Some firms require applicants to have up to 5 years of previous experience practicing law. It is common for them to participate in internship programs in certain firms and, once they graduate, they may be offered a permanent position, given that their performance and academic achievements are good enough. Some seasoned Lawyers will rather opt to open up their own firms by partnering with other colleagues.


A common misconception people have about a Lawyer’s daily life is that they spend most of their time in and out of a courtroom. In reality, only a very small part of a Lawyer’s job involves actually being in a courtroom. Most Lawyers spend their time doing research, interviewing clients, and preparing legal documents.

Job Offers
There are currently 1008 available job offers for the Lawyer position on neuvoo.ca. Below is a list of available jobs, based on Canada's most populated metropolitan areas.
References