Nurses assist Physicians and other medical specialists in diagnosing and treating patients by conducting tests, administering medication, and monitoring patients’ physical and mental health condition. When working in the community health or occupational health fields, Nurses may also deliver health education programs, provide consultative services, conduct disease screening, and deliver immunization programs.
Nurses are trained according to the department they work in. They may specialize in areas such as surgery, psychiatric care, emergency care, critical care, obstetrics, pediatrics, geriatrics, community health, occupational health, rehabilitation, or oncology. Nurses often work in hospitals, clinics, and Doctors’ offices, but may also work in nursing homes, extended care facilities, rehabilitation centres, or for community agencies and private companies (in which case they will be respectively referred to as Community Health Nurses and Occupational Health Nurses).
Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Nurses are required to complete.
- Conducting pre-examination tests in order to better identify the patients’ needs, illness, and overall condition:
- Monitoring and recording temperature, pulse, breathing, blood pressure, and overall health of the patient;
- conducting medical questionnaires/interviews, filling out checklists, and writing down symptoms and other relevant observations;
- completing electrocardiograms (ECGs); and
- collecting specimens (e.g. blood and urine).
- Assisting Physicians and other medical specialists during medical tests/examinations, surgery, and other medical procedures while maintaining a safe and supportive environment.
- Providing high-quality, appropriate, and cost-effective care to patients, while paying great attention to their comfort and safety:
- Administering prescribed medication and treatments through oral, intravenous, or injection methods;
- applying dressings and bandages;
- vaccinating patients to prevent and treat diseases; and
- operating and monitoring medical equipment.
- Collaborating with members of an interdisciplinary health team to plan, implement, coordinate, and evaluate patient care, in consultation with patients and their relatives:
- Communicating needs and/or problems concerning assigned patients to colleagues and supervisors; and
- teaching and counselling patients and their families on health-related issues in collaboration with other healthcare providers, efficiently responding to any concerns they may have.
- Maintaining accurate and detailed patient records:
- Monitoring, assessing, documenting, and reporting symptoms and changes in patients’ condition.
- Promoting preventative health measures and following up with patients, as required.
- Performing quality control of equipment, supplies, and procedures, as required:
- Ensuring all equipment is clean and calibrated; and
- assisting in setting up and dismantling equipment and supplies.
- Complying with safety standards at all times, taking precaution measures to avoid infection and contamination.
- Conducting pre-examination tests in order to better identify the patients’ overall condition.
- Assisting medical specialists during and after medical tests/examinations, surgery, and other medical procedures.
- Administering prescribed medication and treatments through oral, intravenous, or injection methods.
- Maintaining accurate and detailed patient records, monitoring and reporting any changes in patients’ condition.
- Promoting preventive health measures to patients and their relatives.
- Operating, monitoring, and maintaining medical equipment.
The average Nurse salary is $66,499 per year or $34 per hour. This is around 2 times more than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $47,000 while most experienced workers make up to $93,000. These results are based on 3,960 salaries extracted from job descriptions.