The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) is one of the most emblematic and iconic symbols of Canada. They are known for their bright red uniforms and the horses they ride, and are affectionately called The Mounties. They work as the national police force, providing law enforcement in all three territories and eight of the ten provinces (although they are present throughout the entire country, they do not provide municipal policing services in Ontario nor Quebec).
The RCMP is the maximum Law Enforcing agency in Canada and, therefore, are in charge of enforcing federal law throughout the entire country. In Ontario and Quebec, they usually work closely with the provincial police offices (the Ontario Provincial Police and the Sûreté du Québec). Other provinces also have their own municipal Police Forces working in tandem with the RCMP. The operations they undertake include enforcing federal law regarding organized crime, drug trafficking, border protection, and anti-terrorism and domestic security affairs.
Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Royal Canadian Mounted Police Officers are required to complete.
- Enforcing the law:
- Arresting and detaining criminals;
- responding to emergencies, confrontations, and protests;
- conducting patrols on motorized vehicles, bicycles, or on horseback; and
- enforcing traffic laws and fining offenders.
- Running criminal investigations:
- Collecting evidence from crime scenes;
- interviewing suspects, witnesses, and other people involved;
- analyzing crime scenes and accidents;
- providing testimony in a court of law when necessary; and
- documenting and filing reports.
- Ensuring the safety of civilians:
- Responding to emergencies in a timely manner;
- providing assistance to victims; and
- assessing and responding to national emergencies, evacuating civilians if required.
- Maintaining community safety awareness:
- Using a wide range of lethal and non-lethal weapons (e.g. handguns, shotguns, batons, and pepper spray).
- Investigating federal crimes (e.g. drug trafficking, terrorist activity, grand-scale financial fraud, and other matters of national security):
- Combating drug trafficking;
- preventing and responding to terrorist attacks; and
- investigating grand-scale financial frauds.
- Driving several motorized vehicles:
- Pursuing criminals when necessary.
- Maintaining order during public events:
- Watching over public meetings, manifestations, protests, and strikes; and
- assessing and handling potentially volatile situations.
- Patrolling the city on foot, car, motorcycles, bicycles, and on horseback.
- Helping citizens when necessary.
- Deterring crime by making themselves visible.
- Looking out for suspicious activity.
- Preventing threats to national security by collecting intelligence on possible terrorist attacks or other breaches of national sovereignty.
- Writing reports and doing paperwork.
- Enforcing the law and maintaining civil order.
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