Security Guards work for a Security Agency that gets hired by third parties to protect and guard their assets (e.g. property, people, equipment, or money). They can be armed or unarmed and use specialized equipment and tactics to do their job. Security Guards use various types of equipment to do their job (e.g. video cameras, motion sensors, alarms, and lethal or non-lethal weapons, always in compliance with regulations). The level of security required and the means to protect an asset will depend on the client’s profile and what they are intending to protect.
Security Guards are often stationed guarding private and public institutions, private property, and residences. Many companies hire the services of specialized Security Agencies to protect their assets. However, some companies are big enough to have their own security staff. The grand majority of Security Guards wear uniforms to properly identify themselves and the agency they work for, as well as to create a sense of authority.
Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Security Guards are required to complete.
- Preventing theft, vandalism, and trespassing of private property:
- Watching over a specified location to prevent any type of misconduct;
- patrolling the area looking for suspicious behaviours; and
- observing the area through video cameras and Closed-Circuit Television systems.
- Writing entries into a security log:
- Reporting all events that happened during their shift; and
- reviewing past log entries to stay updated with events.
- Scheduling shifts and patrols:
- Providing 24-hour protection when necessary; and
- scheduling random patrols to reduce predictability.
- Watching over visitors and people passing by:
- Reporting any unusual activities;
- escorting people outside the premises when necessary;
- detaining offenders; and
- calling local law enforcement or other authorities.
- Granting access to restricted areas to authorized people:
- Verifying visitor’s IDs and credentials when necessary.
- Escorting assets (e.g. money or other valuables) when they’re being transferred from one place to another:
- Driving armored cars when necessary;
- planning routes; and
- taking evasive actions when necessary.
- Being of assistance during emergencies (e.g. fires, earthquakes, and crimes) and providing first aid to people as required.
- Handling security equipment and weapons when necessary:
- Using monitoring systems, such as alarms, video cameras, and motion sensors;
- using non-lethal weapons (e.g. batons, pepper sprays, and Tasers);
- using lethal weapons (e.g. handguns and shotguns).
- Reviewing previous log entries.
- Monitoring the area using video cameras.
- Patrolling the area and looking out for suspicious activities.
- Granting access to restricted areas to authorized personnel and visitors.
- Escorting people outside the premises when necessary.
- Detaining offenders and calling law enforcement when necessary.
- Writing new entries into the log reporting any irregularities.
- Escorting valuables when necessary.
- Providing assistance during emergencies.
The average Security Guard salary is $28,655 per year or $15 per hour. This is around 0.9 times less than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $20,000 while most experienced workers make up to $40,000. These results are based on 1,407 salaries extracted from job descriptions.