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What does a
Child and Youth Worker do?

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Other common names for this position: Case Worker, Child Protection Specialist, Adolescent Counselor, Adoption Agent, Adoption Coordinator, Adoption Counselor, Adoption Social Worker, Case Manager, Child Abuse Worker, Child Advocate, Child Welfare Counselor, Children’s Counselor, Community Worker, Delinquency Prevention Social Worker, Family Advocate, Family Caseworker, Family Service Worker, Foster Care Social Worker, Foster Care Worker, Juvenile Counsellor, Post Adoption Coordinator, Protective Services Social Worker, Youth Advocate


Child and Youth Workers provide assistance and counselling to children and adolescents going through difficult situations regarding family issues, mistreatment, bullying, discrimination, and substance abuse. They provide psychological guidance and support, as well as taking legal actions when required and assisting children and adolescents going through adoption processes and in foster care.

Many Child and Youth Workers are employed by community centres and foundations dedicated to the well-being of minors, creating programs for the betterment of the life of children and adolescents. They work by case assignment and are tasked with overseeing the development of each case aiming for the best resolution possible.

Primary Responsibilities

Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Child and Youth Workers are required to complete.

  • Counselling children, adolescents, and families regarding health issues, substance abuse, physical abuse, social adjustment, and child care:
  • Providing assistance to children and adolescents with dysfunctional families;
  • providing guidance to overcome the aforementioned issues;
  • advocating for children in foster care and adoption programs; and
  • counselling and rehabilitating minors in correctional institutions.
  • Interviewing children and adolescents to assess their problems:
  • Observing and analyzing family life;
  • urging children and adolescents to report any mistreatment;
  • gathering and documenting information on family background; and
  • interviewing parents to determine their capacity to raise a child.
  • Providing counselling and assistance for minors dealing with substance abuse issues.
  • Organizing group and community meetings and activities (e.g. group therapy, support groups, social gatherings, or community events):
  • Inviting all individuals;
  • overseeing the development of activities; and
  • keeping records of assistance and of the progress made.
  • Assisting in housing processes for children in foster care:
  • Interviewing adopting families;
  • conducting evaluations on prospective homes;
  • assigning homes to children and adolescent; and
  • conducting regular checkups on children to monitor their development.
  • Investigating cases of possible child abuse or neglect:
  • Monitoring the child’s development;
  • inspecting the family’s behaviour; and
  • reporting cases of child abuse or neglect.
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of social programs.
  • Providing testimony as a specialist in a court of law when necessary.

In the case of Child and Youth Workers specialized in looking after minors in foster care and going through adoption processes, they are in charge of finding and interviewing candidate families. They do a background check on the families and assess if they are fit to take care of children. They’re also in charge of conducting regular visitations to assess the quality of life that families are providing to the children and evaluate their development.

Daily Tasks

  • Reviewing family backgrounds and gathering information.
  • Interviewing children and adolescents to assess their problems.
  • Documenting interviews and observations.
  • Organizing community events and meetings for children and adolescents.
  • Liaising with colleagues and Lawyers when legal action is required.
  • Interviewing candidate families for adoption and foster care.
  • Monitoring and assisting during the adoption process.
  • Checking with adopted children and adolescents to ensure well-being.
  • Counselling minors in correctional facilities.

The average salary for Child and Youth Worker related jobs is $37,634 per year or $19 per hour. This is around 1.1 times more than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $26,000 while most experienced workers make up to $53,000. These results are based on 201 salaries extracted from job descriptions.

Gross Salary37,634.35 $
CPP- 1,689.62 $
EI- 707.53 $
Federal Tax- 3,414.60 $
Provincial Tax- 1,679.48 $
Total Tax- 7,491.23 $
Net Pay*30,143.12 $
In Ontario, Canada, if you make 37,634.35 $ a year, you will be taxed 7,491.23 $. That means that your take home pay will be 30,143.12 $ per year, or 2,511.93 $ per month. Your average tax rate is 19.91% and your marginal tax rate is 31.52%.
* Deductions are calculated based on the tables of Ontario, Canada income tax.
Required Skills and Qualifications
  • Outstanding interpersonal and communication skills:
  • Communicating clearly and confidently, both in writing and verbally, in order to accurately provide counsel;
  • using tact, patience, and good judgment when communicating with individuals, families, and groups of people to maintain effective and collaborative relationships; and
  • being a great listener, as well as being able to easily and efficiently identify people’s needs and difficulties (e.g. dealing with bullying, overcoming substance abuse problems, or family issues).
  • Strong sense of empathy and compassion:
  • Demonstrating sensitivity to individual needs of children and adolescents;
  • displaying an inherent ability to make others feel cared about; and
  • being able to work within a multicultural environment, showing consideration and respect to a diverse range of individuals and families of all backgrounds.
  • Optimistic, enthusiastic, with a can-do attitude and a strong ability to motivate others.
  • High levels of creativity, initiative, flexibility, and responsiveness skills:
  • Adapting well to changing demands; and
  • using creativity and imagination to develop new insights and to apply new solutions to problems.
  • Strong organizational and administrative skills:
  • Making use of a pre-established budget to organize activities and events;
  • organizing group activities (e.g. meetings, assemblies, or support groups);
  • monitoring activities being carried out; and
  • keeping track of assistance.
  • Analytical, problem-solving, and conflict resolution skills:
  • Being able to translate ideas into practical goals; and
  • being able to identify problems accurately and providing the necessary solutions.
  • Intuition and decision-making skills:
  • Being able to exercise great judgment, redirecting individuals to appropriate resources as needed.
  • Exceptional professionalism and strong work ethic:
  • Being trustworthy enough to handle sensitive/confidential information.

Most Child and Youth Workers are employed in community centres or in charity foundations and organizations working for the welfare of children and adolescents. Many of the employees of these organizations offer their work as volunteers although they can be hired if they are properly prepared and certified. In all provinces, except Alberta, it is necessary to have a bachelor’s degree in Social Work or Psychology in order to obtain the certificate. Applicants in Alberta only need a diploma from a community college or vocational school in Social Work to apply for certification. Furthermore, Social Workers in Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, and Alberta must be registered at a provincial government body in order to practice this profession.

Most employers look for people that are passionate about helping others when it comes to hiring. They often require candidates to possess and demonstrate at least 2 years of previous experience working in this field. This experience can be obtained through volunteering with foundations and other charity organizations.

Job Offers
There are currently 584 available job offers for the Child and Youth Worker position on Below is a list of available jobs, based on Canada's most populated metropolitan areas.