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What does an
Economist do?

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Other common names for this position: Econometrician, Financial Economist, Industrial Organization Economist, International Economist, Labour Economist, Macroeconomist, Monetary Economist, Microeconomist, Public Finance Economist, Agricultural Economist, Business Economist, Development Economist, Economic Advisor, Economic Analyst, Economic Consultant, Economic Policy Adviser, Economic Policy Analyst, Economic Policy Researcher, Economic Research Group Supervisor, Energy Economist, Farm Economist, Financial Economist, Financial Market Economist, Fiscal Economics Analyst, General Economist, Health Economist, Human Resources Economist, Industrial Economist, Industrial Relations Economist, Industrial Trade Economist, International Trade Economist, Investment Economist, Labour Market Information Analyst, Mathematical Economist, Natural Resources Economist, Price Economist, Regional Economist, Resource Economist, Risk Management Analyst, Social Economist, Tax Economist, Trade Analyst, Trade Economist, Transport Economist, Welfare Economist


The role of an Economist is to address, solve, and prevent financial problems in order to ensure businesses and the overall global economy run smoothly. Using their skills and advanced knowledge of economic matters, these professionals collect, analyze, and interpret statistical data, presenting their findings to business executives or governmental authorities.

Economists must be able to understand the implications and effects that social and natural events have on businesses and their economic activities. Many Economists work as Financial Advisors thanks to their deep understanding of the complex aspects that move and affect global economy. They are qualified to provide recommendations to their employers on matters such as commercial trade, investments, and strategic planning of businesses.

Primary Responsibilities
  • Studying economic behaviours and documenting their observations and recommendations for them to be featured into reports, presentations, or academic publications:
  • Analyzing all factors that may influence the global economy and the labour market;
  • collecting, organizing, and interpreting data using specialized software, along with spreadsheet and database applications; and
  • drafting budget reports, estimating costs and profits and explaining economic repercussions.
  • Designing and applying mathematical and statistical methods to help collect and interpret data more efficiently, as well as to prove and demonstrate economic principles.
  • Predicting supply and demand of different goods and services taking into account previously registered sales, specific industry factors, and global economic trends:
  • Analyzing market trends prior to developing/launching new products and providing advice on marketing and sales strategies based on their observations; and
  • researching and analyzing the consumption of renewable and non-renewable resources.
  • Promoting cost-efficiency measures and recommending ways to limit expenses.
  • Evaluating the efficiency of currently established financial programs and policies:
  • Advising private companies or governmental authorities on ways to improve or solve issues related to their economic activities.

Daily Tasks

  • Studying and understanding the economic world and its repercussions in order to interpret and foresee its behaviour.
  • Collecting data using various methods, such as market research and surveys.
  • Applying mathematical and statistical models, as well as economic principles, to understand and interpret collected data.
  • Documenting and presenting results in the form of reports, presentations, or academic papers.
  • Providing expert advice on economic issues to employers and clients.

The average Economist salary is $95,513 per year or $49 per hour. This is around 2.9 times more than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $67,000 while most experienced workers make up to $134,000. These results are based on 30 salaries extracted from job descriptions.

Gross Salary104,174.30 $
CPP- 2,479.95 $
EI- 930.60 $
Federal Tax- 17,997.84 $
Provincial Tax- 9,737.71 $
Total Tax- 31,146.09 $
Net Pay*73,028.21 $
In Ontario, Canada, if you make 104,174.30 $ a year, you will be taxed 31,146.09 $. That means that your take home pay will be 73,028.21 $ per year, or 6,085.68 $ per month. Your average tax rate is 29.90% and your marginal tax rate is 43.41%.
* Deductions are calculated based on the tables of Ontario, Canada income tax.
Required Skills and Qualifications
  • Computer skills and mathematical knowledge:
  • Displaying high proficiency using computerized tools and specialized software, including the ability to use statistical programming languages (e.g. SAS, Stata, and R);
  • employing mathematical principles to analyze and predict economic trends; and
  • being able to create graphics, flow charts, and projections in order to present data and forecasts.
  • Analytical, problem-solving, and decision-making skills:
  • Effectively researching and analyzing numerical data, using a variety of software programs, including spreadsheets, statistical analysis, and database management programs, and providing reasonable recommendations;
  • being able to review data, observe patterns, and draw logical conclusions;
  • identifying issues and resolving problems in a timely manner; and
  • being able to exercise strategical thinking and mature judgment.
  • Outstanding organizational and time management skills:
  • Prioritizing and planning work activities in order to manage time efficiently while handling a high volume of work; and
  • multitasking; being able to work in a dynamic, fast-paced environment.
  • Strong attention to detail and critical-thinking skills:
  • Entering and analyzing data efficiently and accurately in order to provide more precise forecasts; and
  • being able to use logic and reasoning to solve complex problems.
  • Excellent interpersonal and communication skills:
  • Communicating clearly, both in writing and verbally, in order to give presentations and advise clients on economic issues, simplifying technical jargon and concepts as required;
  • being able to write and present economic reports based on the collected data; and
  • establishing and maintaining supportive work relationships.

It takes more than a natural affinity and talent with numbers to be a successful Economist. These professionals must be avid and creative thinkers, and must have the necessary motivation to conduct extensive research in order to understand and foresee the behaviour of the financial world.

Economists need to have completed at least a master’s degree in Economics, Mathematics, Statistics, or any other related quantitative science. Some employers will even require candidates to have obtained a Ph.D. in one of the aforementioned fields.

Although employers give a lot of importance to the academic achievements of their prospective employees, they know that some things can’t be learned from books and require a more practical approach. Therefore, experience is as important as education in this field. The most common way for aspiring Economists to obtain experience for certain jobs is by participating in internship programs. These programs often include conducting research, collecting and sorting data, and writing reports based on their findings, which are some of the foundations of the work most Economists do.

In order to advance and climb the career ladder, many young Economists choose to attend specialized courses, seminars, and conferences in order to further develop their skills and increase their knowledge of the field. This will also give them a slight edge over other candidates and will eventually allow them to become independent consultants.

The grand majority of Economists work on the standard office hours. Nevertheless, it is not uncommon for them to spend extra hours at work whenever there is a special project or deadline coming up.

Job Offers
There are currently 90 available job offers for the Economist position on Below is a list of available jobs, based on Canada's most populated metropolitan areas.