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What does a
Pharmacist do?

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Other common names for this position: Registered Pharmacist, Druggist, Industrial Pharmacist, Community Pharmacist, Clinical Pharmacist, Hospital Pharmacist, Intern Pharmacist, Pharmacist Consultant, Retail Pharmacist


Pharmacists design and manufacture medications and other chemical compounds for medical use. They may be employed in a wide variety of settings, from clinics and hospitals to pharmacy chains and pharmaceutical companies. Pharmacists can be self-employed when opening their own pharmacies or practices, in which case, they will not only act as medical prescription advisors and health consultants, but also as Managers and Supervisors of their own inventory and stock. The Pharmaceutical field is an ever-growing and evolving one; therefore, professionals must strive to stay up-to-date with the latest developments.

In addition to monitoring patients’ prescriptions and giving them advice on the quality and safe use of some drugs, Pharmacists can also give information on more general healthcare matters. In some cases, experienced Pharmacists can even customize medications and mix certain ingredients to create new compounds.

Primary Responsibilities

Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Pharmacists are required to complete.

  • Providing customers and patients with medicines and other pharmaceutical products, according to the Physician’s prescription:
  • Manufacturing and distributing medicines, vaccines, and other pharmaceutical compounds and products;
  • ensuring that customers or hospital patients get the right medicines and treatments in the right doses;
  • providing indications regarding reactions, side effects, drug interactions, and dosage; and
  • implementing proper pricing.
  • Running regular health checks on patients and customers including pregnancy tests, cholesterol level checks, and blood pressure tests.
  • Keeping records of customers including purchases, medicines, and other drugs taken.
  • Overseeing, managing, and submitting insurance forms and applications as a way for patients to afford medicines and prescriptions more easily.
  • Advising customers on over-the-counter medicines, especially on how these may interact with other prescribed and non-prescribed drugs.
  • Writing and distributing literature on the components, effects, and proper use of medications.
  • Maintaining inventory, discarding any expired products, and replacing missing ones.
  • Overseeing and monitoring the work of staff members and co-workers.
  • Adhering to laws and regulations regarding the use and fabrication of medicines, drugs, and other pharmaceutical products.
  • Keeping up with changing and evolving regulations regarding the sale, distribution, and fabrication of medicines, drugs, and other pharmaceutical products.

Daily Tasks

  • Following prescriptions and Physician’s instructions when distributing medications.
  • Asking patients about other drugs they might be taking or existing medical conditions in order to ensure that no negative effects occur.
  • Providing detailed instructions to patients on the use of medicines and drugs, as well as warning them about possible side effects.
  • Providing advice and recommendations to patients about the use of over-the-counter medicines and drugs.
  • Administering vaccinations and other drugs in the form of injections, when province or territory regulations allow it.
  • Supervising the work and activities of all Pharmacy staff.

The average Pharmacist salary is $91,807 per year or $47 per hour. This is around 2.8 times more than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $64,000 while most experienced workers make up to $129,000. These results are based on 265 salaries extracted from job descriptions.

Gross Salary79,723.92 $
CPP- 2,479.95 $
EI- 930.60 $
Federal Tax- 12,027.78 $
Provincial Tax- 5,802.17 $
Total Tax- 21,240.50 $
Net Pay*58,483.42 $
In Ontario, Canada, if you make 79,723.92 $ a year, you will be taxed 21,240.50 $. That means that your take home pay will be 58,483.42 $ per year, or 4,873.62 $ per month. Your average tax rate is 26.64% and your marginal tax rate is 32.98%.
* Deductions are calculated based on the tables of Ontario, Canada income tax.
Required Skills and Qualifications
  • Outstanding sales and managerial abilities.
  • Excellent interpersonal and communication skills:
  • Communicating clearly, both verbally and in writing, in order to create a clear and communicative environment with customers, patients, and coworkers;
  • displaying strong customer service skills, setting high standards of patient and customer care; and
  • being a great team leader.
  • Analytical, problem-solving, and decision-making skills:
  • Identifying issues and resolving problems in a timely manner using critical thinking and good judgment; and
  • being able to analyze and assess customers’ needs.
  • Organizational skills and great attention to detail:
  • Being able to prioritize tasks and responsibilities; and
  • providing medications safely and appropriately.
  • Trustworthy enough to manage sensitive/confidential information.

Aside from the skills listed above, Pharmacists must be able to create a dialogue with customers or patients in order to provide excellent customer and patient service and to maximize their loyalty. These professionals are required to have at least a bachelor’s degree in Pharmacy, as well as a licence to practice in the chosen province, at least one (1) year of experience in the area, and having completed an apprenticeship or internship program. Keeping up with the latest discoveries and advances in Pharmacology is strictly necessary for all professionals, therefore it is necessary for them to continue their studies even after they have graduated and been certified. The completion of a hospital pharmacy residency or equivalent experience is always an asset. Pharmacists with a master’s or doctoral degree in any area of their field may apply for higher tiered jobs.

In Canada, with the exception of Quebec, Pharmacists must complete a national board examination through the Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada (PEBC). In Quebec, Pharmacists are required to register at the Ordre des pharmaciens du Québec (Quebec Order of Pharmacists).

Pharmacists often become Pharmacy owners and, therefore, are required to carry out certain administrative tasks. These professionals often get an additional degree in Business Administration or otherwise hire a specialist for this purpose.

Working hours for Pharmacists are often irregular due to most pharmacies remaining open late at night, on weekends, and during holidays, some of them even being open on a 24/7 basis. In most cases, Pharmacists take turns or shifts to cover the different hours of service.

Job Offers
There are currently "5166" available job offers for the Pharmacist position on Below is a list of available jobs, based on Canada's most populated metropolitan areas.